L'Institut Historica-Dominion Institute

The Historica-Dominion Institute is the largest, independent organization dedicated to Canadian history, identity and citizenship. Through our work in various programs, we are determined to build active and informed Canadian citizens. As we work hard to ensure a greater appreciation for Canada’s history and heritage, we’d like to share our own stories and impressions. We invite you to do the same.

L’Institut Historica-Dominion est le plus large organisme national charitable au Canada dédié à l’histoire, l’identité et la citoyenneté du pays. À travers nos programmes, nous sommes déterminés de former des citoyens actifs et informés. Nous aimerons partager nos histoires et impressions lorsque nous tentons d’assurer une encore plus forte appréciation du patrimoine Canadien. Nous vous invitons de partager avec nous.

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1861 – Toronto’s first streetcar route started operation.  Horse-drawn trams improved upon previous transportation methods, but they were far from ideal. Heavy loads could not be hauled.  The horses were expensive and required frequent rest periods.  They also polluted the streets.  Aw, horse pucky!

1760 -  The Murray Treaty of Longueuil was concluded between the Huron and the British. The Huron agreed to put down their arms. In return they would receive safe passage, free exercise of religion, local government and justice. The treaty was recognized in 1990 by the Supreme Court of Canada.

2007 - PM Stephen Harper announced the appointment of Steven Point as BC’s first Aboriginal lieutenant-governor.

1810 - Painter Paul Kane, who was the most famous of all Canadian artist-explorers, was born at Mallow, Ireland.

1912 - Instigated by an American cowboy, Guy Weadick, and underwritten by Calgary businessmen, the first Calgary Stampede was held.

Sep 1, 1864 to Sep 9, 1864 - The Charlottetown Conference was held in Charlottetown, PEI. At the conference Maritime union was virtually dropped, and the delegates agreed to meet a new conference in Québec to discuss a Canadian scheme for a union of all the colonies.

1985 - “The Summer of ’69,” Canadian rocker Bryan Adams’ nostalgic ode to lost love and garage bands, peaked at number five on the American Billboard pop chart.  “Those were the best days of my life…”  You’re singing it right now, aren’t you?

1891 - Educator Elmer Jamieson, who, with his fellow Mohawks, set up the first Amerindian communications network, was born at the Six Nations Reserve, Ont. After enlisting in the army, censorship of his letters led Jamieson to write home in Mohawk. When censors could not “crack his code,” he was called in to reveal its secrets.

1907 - Part of the Québec Bridge, the longest cantilever bridge in the world, collapsed, killing 75 of its 86 workers.  People as far as 10 km away thought an earthquake had struck.  Blame rested on American engineer Theodore Cooper’s grave errors in design and faulty load calculations.  After another deadly collapse in 1916, the bridge was completed in 1917.

1913 - Writer Robertson Davies, who is acknowledged as an outstanding essayist and brilliant novelist, was born at Thamesville, Ont. Among his best known works, Fifth Business (1970) casts characters in roles roughly corresponding to Jungian archetypes to show his belief that things of the spirit are more important than worldly concerns. Sounds good to us!